Salary Structure

Salary of Optometrists in Nigeria (2024)

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Optometry, often seen as the study and function of the eyes, has rapidly gained popularity in Nigeria. This medical field not only offers a unique appeal but also comes with the allure of a promising monthly salary. So, what does it mean to be an optometrist in Nigeria, and how much can one expect to earn in this profession? Let’s dive in!

What is Optometry?

Optometry is the specialized field of vision care. Optometrists are professionals who examine people’s eyes, diagnose vision problems, and prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses when necessary. They help improve and clarify vision, making the world a clearer place for many.

Optometry Salaries in Nigeria

The salary of an optometrist in Nigeria varies based on several factors:

  • Experience: Fresh graduates might start with around N100,000 in private settings, while those in government hospitals could earn about N150,000. With more experience, the salary can significantly increase.
  • Location: Salaries might differ depending on whether you work in urban or rural areas.
  • Employment Type: Self-employed optometrists or those in partnerships can have fluctuating incomes due to various factors.

How to Become an Optometrist in Nigeria

  1. Education: To become a certified optometrist, you need to have an SSCE certificate with credits in major science subjects like English, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. You also need to pass the UTME and post-UTME screening exams. The optometry program typically lasts between 5 to 6 years in the university.
  2. House Job: After graduation, there’s a mandatory one-year internship known as the house job. Here, you work alongside medical professionals. The pay varies, with federal or teaching hospitals generally offering higher salaries.
  3. NYSC: Post-internship, you’ll undergo the compulsory National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) program, usually serving in local hospitals or clinics.

Optometry Schools in Nigeria

Some universities in Nigeria offer optometry programs:

  • Abia State University, Uturu
  • Bayero University, Kano
  • Federal University of Technology, Owerri
  • Imo State University, Owerri
  • Madonna University, Okija
  • University Of Benin, Benin City
  • University Of Ilorin, Ilorin

Why Optometry?

Optometry stands out as one of the most lucrative and sought-after professions in Nigeria’s medical sector. With the increasing prevalence of eye-related issues globally, the role of optometrists becomes even more crucial. Many optometrists prefer working in government hospitals due to better pay, faster career growth, and broader exposure.


Optometry offers a rewarding career path in Nigeria. As the demand for vision care continues to grow, so does the need for qualified optometrists. Whether you choose to work in a government hospital or a private clinic, the opportunities are abundant. With the right education and dedication, a career in optometry can be both fulfilling and financially rewarding.


  1. What is the average salary of an optometrist in Nigeria?

    • Entry-level optometrists in private settings can earn around N100,000, while those in government hospitals might earn about N150,000. With experience, salaries can increase significantly.
  2. How long does it take to become a certified optometrist in Nigeria?

    • The optometry program typically lasts between 5 to 6 years in the university, followed by a one-year house job and the NYSC program.
  3. Where can I study optometry in Nigeria?

    • Some universities in Nigeria that offer optometry programs include Abia State University, Bayero University, Federal University of Technology, and University Of Ilorin, among others

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