Salary Structure

Civil Engineers’ Salary in Nigeria (2024)

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Civil engineering stands out as one of Nigeria’s leading professions, offering job security, clear career paths, and abundant opportunities. It’s a field that truly pays off in terms of respect and financial rewards. So, how much do civil engineers really earn in Nigeria? Let’s dive into the details!

Average Salaries of Civil Engineers in Nigeria

Salaries in civil engineering vary based on experience, job role, and industry. For beginners, the pay ranges from N100,000 to N500,000. This wide range depends largely on the sector they choose to work in.

Civil Engineers in Oil and Gas Industries

The oil and gas sector is among the highest-paying industries in Nigeria. Here, entry-level civil engineers can expect to earn between N300,000 to N500,000, depending on the job role.

Civil Engineers in Construction Industry

Many civil engineers work in the construction and building sector, which offers numerous opportunities. Starting salaries in this field typically range from N130,000 to N300,000.

While civil engineers face competition from other professions like Geologists and Petroleum Engineers, they still hold a significant place in industries such as mining, oil and gas, and borehole construction. Their roles aren’t limited to offshore operations in the oil and gas sector.

Sub-specialities in Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is vast and offers several sub-areas to specialize in. Here are some of them:

  • Materials Science and Engineering: Focuses on studying material properties.
  • Geotechnical Engineering: Studies earth materials like rock and soil, and their behavior under different conditions.
  • Coastal Engineering: Manages coastal areas, dealing with tides, flooding, and erosion.
  • Structural Engineering: Analyzes and designs safe structures like buildings.
  • Construction Engineering: Understands construction processes and manages construction projects.
  • Environmental Engineering: Focuses on protecting the environment, including waste treatment.

Why Choose Civil Engineering?

Civil engineering offers both complexity and technicality, making it one of the top-paying and respected professions in Nigeria. While it may not be the highest-paying engineering field, civil engineering still provides a comfortable income. With various sub-specialties, it’s no wonder many young people are drawn to this field.

Specializing further in a particular area can boost employment opportunities and potentially increase pay. Given the growing competition in the job market, especially in engineering, further studies can give you a competitive edge.


Civil engineering in Nigeria is a rewarding profession with diverse opportunities and decent pay. Despite challenges like increased competition and unemployment rates, civil engineering remains a noble field that commands respect.


1. What is the average salary for an entry-level civil engineer in Nigeria?

  • Entry-level civil engineers can expect to earn between N100,000 to N500,000, depending on the industry and job role.

2. Which industries pay civil engineers the highest salaries in Nigeria?

  • The oil and gas industry is among the highest-paying sectors for civil engineers, followed by the construction industry.

3. Are there opportunities for specialization in civil engineering?

  • Absolutely! Civil engineering offers various sub-specialties like structural engineering, environmental engineering, and geotechnical engineering, among others. Specializing can enhance employment prospects and potentially lead to higher pay.

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